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Phrasal verbs



Toplam 1 fotoğraf bulunmaktadır
Lise zamanımda büyük bir emek harcayarak hazırladığım phrasal verbs tablosu... İngilizce'yi tam anlamıyla konuşabilmek adına bunları bilmek şart.

Used to sth/doing sth : If you are used to something, you have done it or experienced it many times before.

He's used to working long hours.

Useful for : helping you to do or achieve something

useful information

a useful course for students



Valid for : DOCUMENT A valid ticket or document is legally acceptable.

The ticket is valid for three months

Valid in:



Value at :MONEY to judge how much money something could be sold for

The ring was valued at $1000

Vote against : to show your choice or opinion in an election or meeting by writing a cross on an official piece of paper or putting your hand up

The unions voted against strike action

Vouch for : to say that you know from experience that something is true or good, or that someone has a good character



face up to sth phrasal verb

to accept that a difficult situation exists

You've got to face up to the truth sometime - he'll never marry you.



Fail in an attempt: NOT SUCCEED [I] to not be successful

She keeps failing in her attempt to lose weight



Fail to do sth to not do what is necessary or expected

John failed to turn up for football practice yesterday.



Failure in (an exam)

Failure to (do sth)



Faithful to: RELATIONSHIP If your husband, wife, or partner is faithful, they do not have a sexual relationship with anyone else.

a faithful husband

They remained faithful to each other throughout their long marriage.



fall in phrasal verb

If a roof or ceiling falls in, it drops to the ground because it is damaged.



Familiar to: EASY TO RECOGNIZE easy to recognize because of being seen, met, heard, etc before

This street doesn't look familiar to me



Familiar with:

1.Be familiar with sth to know about something or have experienced it many times before

Anyone who's familiar with his poetry will find the course easy.



2.FRIENDLY friendly and very informal

He doesn't like to be too familiar with his staff.



Famous for: known or recognized by many people

a famous actress

New York is a city famous for its shopping and nightlife.



Fed up: [never before noun] annoyed or bored by something that you have experienced for too long

I'm fed up with my job.



Fill sth with sth else: MAKE FULL [I,T] (ALSO fill up) to make a container or space full, or to become full

He filled the bucket with water.

Her eyes filled up with tears when she heard the news.



Finish with sth phrasal verb

to stop using or needing something

Have you finished with the newspaper?



Quarrel with sb: to have an argument with someone

She'd been quarrelling with her mother all morning.



Qualify as: PASS EXAMS [I] MAINLY UK to pass exams so that you are able to do a job

He's recently qualified as a doctor.




Quick at

Qualified for



Quotation from: PHRASE a sentence or phrase that is taken out of a book, poem, or play

a quotation from Shakespeare/the Bible



Unaware of: not knowing about something

He seems totally unaware of the problem.



Understanding of: KNOWLEDGE [U,no plural] knowledge about a subject, situation, etc or about how something works

We now have a better understanding of this disease.



Uneasy about: worried because you think something bad might happen

I feel a bit uneasy about her travelling alone.



Upset about: unhappy or worried because something unpleasant has happened

They'd had an argument and she was still upset about it.



Use of: make use of sth to use something that is available

We were encouraged to make use of all the facilities.

Safe (… from)



same (… as)

in the same way

I need some time to myself, the same as anybody else.

Satisfied (… with/by)

pleased because you have got what you wanted, or because something has happened in the way that you wanted

Are you satisfied with the new arrangement?



save

[I or T] to keep something, especially money, for use in the future

We're saving (up) for a new car.

He fell in the river but his friend saved him from drowning.

Scare (… of)

Search (… for)

[I or T] to look somewhere carefully in order to find something

The police searched the woods for the missing boy.

[C] when you try to find someone or something

We're doing a computer search for all words beginning with 'high'.

Search (in … of)

trying to find something

She was shot by a sniper when she went out in search of firewood.

Sensible (… of sth)

having an understanding of a situation

He did not appear to be sensible of the difficulties that lay ahead.

Sensitive (… to)

easily upset by the things people say or do, or causing people to be upset, embarrassed or angry

Her reply showed that she was very sensitive to criticism.

Sentence (… to)

to decide and say officially what a punishment will be

He was sentenced to life imprisonment.

Separate (… from)

[I or T] to (cause to) divide into parts

You can get a special device for separating egg whites from yolks.

Serious (… about)

[after verb] If two people who have a loving relationship are serious about each other they intend to stay with each other for a long time and possibly marry

She's had a lot of boyfriends but Simon's the only one she's been serious about.

Settle (… for sth)

to accept or agree to something, or to decide to have something, although it is not exactly what you want or it is not the best

They were hoping to sell their car for £2000, but settled for £1500.

Settle (… on sth)

to agree on a decision

Have you settled on a name for the baby?

Share (… in/of)

[C or U] a part of something that has been divided between several people, which belongs to, is owed to or has to be done by a particular person

The party's share of the vote fell from 39% to 24%.

We've got some shares in British Telecom.

Shelter (… from)

[I or T] to protect yourself, or another person or thing, from bad weather, danger or attack

A group of us were sheltering from the rain under the trees.

Shock (… at/by)

Shoot (… at)

[I or T] to fire a bullet or an arrow, or to hit, injure or kill a person or animal by firing a bullet or arrow at them

The kids were shooting arrows at a target.



Short (… of)

to not have enough of something

We're a bit short of coffee - I must get some more.

Shout (… at)

[I or T] to express strong emotions, such as anger, fear or excitement, or to express strong opinions, in a loud voice

Dad really shouted at me when I broke the window.

Shy (… of)

nervous and uncomfortable with other people

Children are often shy of/with people they don't know.

Sick (… of)

causing or expressing unpleasant emotions

I'm sick (and tired/to death) of the way you're behaving.

Silly (… of sb)

showing little thought or judgement

It was silly of you to go out in the sun without a hat.

Similar (… to)

looking or being almost, but not exactly, the same

I bought some new shoes which are very similar to a pair I had before.

Skilled (… at)

having the abilities needed to do an activity or job well

My mother is very skilled at/in dressmaking.

Slow (… in/about doing sth/to sth)

Smell (… of)

[C] the characteristic of something that can be recognized or noticed using the nose

I love the smell of orange blossoms.

Smile (… at)

[I or T] to make a happy or friendly expression in which the corners of your mouth curve up

When he smiled at me I knew everything was all right.

Solution (… to)

[C] the answer to a problem

There's no easy solution to this problem.

Sorry (… about)

[after verb] feeling sadness, sympathy, or disappointment, especially because something unpleasant has happened or been done

I'm just sorry about all the trouble I've caused her.

Sorry (… for doing sth)

used to show that something which must be said causes sadness or disappointment

I'm sorry to say that the project's funding has been cancelled.



Sorry about: (I'm) sorry something that you say to be polite when you have done something wrong, or when you cannot agree with someone or accept something.

Tom, I'm so sorry about last night - it was all my fault.



Speak to sb: to talk to someone

Could I speak to Mr Davis, please?



Specialize in: to spend most of your time studying one particular subject or doing one type of business.

She works for a company specializing in business law.



Specialist in: someone who has a lot of experience, knowledge, or skill in a particular subject.

He's a specialist in childhood illnesses.



Spend money on sth: MONEY to use money to buy or pay for something.

The company has spent £1.9 million on improving its computer network.



Spend time in/doing sth: TIME to use time doing something or being somewhere.

He's planning to spend some time at home with his family.



Split into: to divide into smaller parts or groups, or to divide something into smaller parts or groups.

The children split up into three groups.



Spy on sb phrasal verb

to secretly watch someone.

He spied on her through the keyhole.



Stare at: to look at someone or something for a long time and not move your eyes.

Sean was staring at me.



Strain on: put a strain on sb/sth to cause problems for someone or to make a situation difficult

Children put tremendous strains on a marriage.



Subject to sth

1 often affected by something, especially something unpleasant

Departure times are subject to alteration.



2 only able to happen if something else happens

The pay rise is subject to approval by management.



Submit to: OBEY [I] to accept that someone has control over you and do what they tell you to do

He was forced to submit to a full body search.



Subscribe to sth: phrasal verb FORMAL

to agree with an opinion, belief, etc

I certainly don't subscribe to the view that women are morally superior to men.



Succeed in: to achieve what you are trying to achieve

He has finally succeeded in passing his exams.



Suffer from sth to have an illness or other health problem

She suffers from severe depression.



Sufficient for sth



Suitable for: acceptable or right for someone or something.

This film is suitable for children.



Superior to: BETTER better than other things

superior quality

This car is far superior to the others.



Sure about: [never before noun] certain.

I'm quite sure about the second answer.



Surprised at: feeling surprise because something has happened that you did not expect.

She wasn't surprised at his decision.



Surrender: STOP FIGHTING [I] to stop fighting and admit that you have been beaten

Rebel troops are refusing to surrender.



Surrounded by: AROUND to be or go everywhere around something or someone

The house is surrounded by a large garden.



Suspect of: CRIME to think that someone may have committed a crime or done something bad

He was suspected of drug dealing.



Suspicious of: NOT TRUST not trusting someone

Many of them remain suspicious of journalists.



Sympathetic to: IDEAS agreeing with or supporting someone's ideas or actions

He was sympathetic to their views.



Sympathise with: PROBLEMS to understand and care about someone's problems

It's a really bad situation - I do sympathize with her.



obedient-(willing to do what you are told to do)

an obedient child/dog

object-(to feel or say that you do not like or do not approve of something or someone)

We objected to his unreasonable demands.

objection-(when someone says that they do not like or approve of something or someone)

Our main objection to the new factory is that it's noisy.

obliged-(feel obliged to do sth to think that you must do something)

They helped us when we moved so I feel obliged to do the same.

obvious-(easy to understand or see)

It's obvious that he doesn't really care about her

occur-(to suddenly think of something)

It had never occurred to me that he might be lying.

offence against-( when something rude makes someone upset or angry)

Many people take offence at swearing.

operate on-( to treat an illness or injury by cutting someone's body and removing or repairing part of it)

Did they have to operate on him?

opinion-( a thought or belief about something or someone)

That's your opinion about/on the matter?

opposite-( someone or something that is completely different from another person or thing)

They're complete opposites.

On holiday/business/journey/a trip/tour:



VISIT [C,U] UK (US vacation) a long visit to a place away from where you live, for pleasure

a skiing/walking holiday

Are you going on holiday this year?



WORK [U] work that you do to earn money

She's in Vienna on business (= working).



noun [C]

when you travel from one place to another

a car/train journey

We take games for the children when we go on long journeys.



noun [C,U]

a visit to and around a place, area, or country

a tour of Europe

We went on a guided tour of the cathedral.

The band are on tour (= travelling and performing in different places).

On television/radio/phone/internet:



PROGRAMMES [U] the programmes that are shown on a television

I mostly watch television in the evening.

I saw it on television.

a television programme



the radio the programmes that you hear when you listen to the radio

We heard him speaking on the radio this morning.

I listen to the radio in the evening.



USING PHONE using the phone

She's been on the phone all night.



HAVING A PHONE UK when you have a phone

Is he on the phone?



On purpose:



on purpose intentionally

I didn't do it on purpose, it was an accident.

On the whole:



on the whole generally

We've had a few problems, but on the whole we're very happy.

On the way:



ROUTE [C] the route you take to get from one place to another

[usually singular] Is there another way out of here?

I must buy a paper on the way home.



be on her/my/its, etc way to be arriving soon

Apparently she's on her way.





On the fire:



on fire burning

That house is on fire.

On strike:



NOT WORKING [C,U] a period of time when people are not working because they want more money, etc

Teachers are planning to go on strike next month.

On alert:



be on full/red alert to be expecting problems and ready to deal with them

Police in the region were on full alert against further attacks.

On a diet:



SPECIAL FOOD [C] when someone eats less food, or only particular types of food, because they want to become thinner, or because they are ill

No cake for me, thanks - I'm on a diet.

On the market:



on the market available to buy

His house has been on the market for over a year.

They've put their house on the market.

On the point of/on the verge of:



be at/on the point of doing sth to be going to do something very soon

Amy was on the point of crying.



be on the verge of sth/doing sth to be going to happen or to do something very soon

a company on the verge of financial disaster.

On the brink of:



noun

be on the brink of sth to be in a situation where something bad is going to happen very soon

The two countries are on the brink of war.



Emerge from:



COME OUT to appear from somewhere or come out of somewhere

A figure emerged from the shadows.



DIFFICULT SITUATION to reach the end of a difficult situation

They emerged victorious from the fight.

Exclude from:



KEEP OUT to not allow someone or something to take part in an activity or enter a place

[often passive] Women are still excluded from the club.

Derive from:



to come from or be developed from something

The name derives from Latin.



derive comfort/pleasure, etc from sth to get a positive feeling or advantage from someone or something

I derive great pleasure from gardening.



Deter sb. From sth.: verb [T] deterring, past deterred

to make someone less likely to do something, or to make something less likely to happen

We have introduced new security measures to deter shoplifters.

[+ from + doing sth] Higher fuel costs could deter people from driving their cars.

Hinder from:



Die from: to stop living

She died from brain injuries after a road accident.



Ban sb. from sth.: to officially say that someone must not do something

A lot of people think boxing should be banned.

[+ from + doing sth] Ian's been banned from driving for 2 years.



Infer/conclude from: to guess that something is true because of the information that you have

[+ (that)] I inferred from the number of cups that he was expecting visitors.



Benefit from: BE HELPED [I] to be helped by something

The film benefited from the excellent acting by its stars.



Recover from: HEALTH [I] to become healthy or happy again after an illness, injury, or period of sadness

It takes a long time to recover from surgery.

She never recovered from the death of her husband.



Prevent from: to stop something happening or to stop someone doing something

to prevent accidents/crime

[+ from + doing sth] Members of the public were prevented from entering the building.



Protect from: to keep someone or something safe from something dangerous or bad

It's important to protect your skin from the harmful effects of the sun.



Prohibit from: to officially forbid something

[often passive] Smoking is prohibited on most international flights.

[+ from + doing sth] The new law prohibits people from drinking alcohol in the street.



Result from: to happen or exist because something else has happened

There was a food shortage resulting from the lack of rainfall.



Suffer from: suffer from sth to have an illness or other health problem

She suffers from severe depression.



Refrain from: to stop yourself from doing something

[+ from + doing sth] Please refrain from talking during the performance.



Abstain from: NOT DO FORMAL to not do something that you enjoy because it is bad or unhealthy

The doctor suggested that he abstain from alcohol.

Release from:



Hear from: to receive a letter, telephone call, or other message from someone

Have you heard from Sue recently?



Resign from: to officially tell your employer that you are leaving your job

Mr Aitken has resigned from the company.



Retire from: STOP WORK to leave your job and stop working, usually because you are old

She retired from the company in 1990.



Deduct from: to take an amount or a part of something away from a total

The company will deduct tax from your earnings.



Deduce from: to decide that something is true using the available information

[+ (that)] From the contents of his shopping basket, I deduced that he was single.



Depart from: FORMAL to leave a place, especially to start a journey to another place

The train to Lincoln will depart from platform 9.



Polite to: adjective

behaving in a way that is not rude and shows that you do not only think about yourself

I'm afraid I wasn't very polite to her.

She was too polite to point out my mistake.



Popular with: adjective LIKED liked by many people

'Jack' was the most popular boy's name.

The North African coast is becoming increasingly popular with British tourists.

Praise sb. for: ADMIRE to say that you admire someone or something, or that they are very good

Residents praised the firemen for their swift action.



Part with: to give something to someone else, often when you do not want to

You know how hard it is to get Simon to part with his money.



Patient with: having patience

You need to be patient with children.

Pay by: You can pay by cash or credit card.



Pay for: BUY [I,T] to give money to someone because you are buying something from them, or because you owe them money

Helen paid for the tickets.

Pay in:



Peculiar to: peculiar to sb/sth belonging to or relating to a particular person or thing

Her accent is peculiar to the region.



Persist in: CONTINUE TO DO to continue to do something although it is annoying other people

He persists in calling me Jane, even though I've corrected him twice.



Picture of: IDEA an idea of what something is like

[usually singular] I've got a much clearer picture of what's happening now.

Pity for:

Take pity on sb:

Pleasant to:

Pleased with: happy or satisfied

I'm really pleased with the quality of his work.

Pleasure in: She seemed to take pleasure in (= enjoy) humiliating people

Pleasure of: I once had the pleasure of sharing a taxi with her.



Point at: SHOW [I] to show where someone or something is by holding your finger or a thin object towards it

She pointed at/to a bird flying overhead.



POLITE behaving in a way that is socially correct and shows understanding of and care for other people's feelings

I'm afraid I wasn't very polite to her.

POPULAR WITH liked, enjoyed or supported by many people

She's the most popular teacher in school.

That song was popular with people from my father's generation.

PRAISE SOMEBODY FOR to express admiration or approval about the achievements or characteristics of a person or thing

He should be praised for his honesty.

PRAY FOR SOMETHING to speak to a god either privately or in a religious ceremony in order to express love, admiration or thanks or in order to ask for something

She knelt and prayed silently.

Let us pray for the victims of this terrible disaster.

PREFER SOMETHING TO SOMETHING to like, choose or want one thing rather than another

Do you prefer hot or cold weather?

I prefer red wine to white.

PREFERENCE FOR when you like something or someone more than another person or thing

Her preference is for comfortable rather than stylish clothes.

PREPARE FOR to make or get something or someone ready for something that will happen in the future

Have you prepared for your interview?

PREVENT SOMEBODY FROM to stop something from happening or someone from doing something

Label your suitcases to prevent confusion.

[+ -ing verb] His disability prevents him (from) driving.

PRIDE ONESELF ON to value a skill or good quality that you have

He prides himself on his loyalty to his friends.

PROFIT FROM to earn money from something

A lot of companies will profit from the fall in interest rates.

PROHIBIT SOMEBODY [T often passive] to officially forbid (= refuse to allow) something

Motor vehicles are prohibited from driving in the town centre.

PRONE TO likely to suffer from an illness or show a particular negative characteristic

I've always been prone to headaches.

PROUD OF feeling pleasure and satisfaction because you or people connected with you have done or got something good

You must be very proud of your son.

PROVIDE FOR SOMEBODY to give someone the things they need such as money, food or clothes

He has a wife and two young children to provide for.

PUZZLED ABOUT to cause someone to feel confused and slightly worried because they cannot understand something, or to think hard about something in order to understand it

Management are still puzzling about/over how the accident could have happened.

Fire (... at)

[I or T] to cause a weapon to shoot bullets, arrows or missiles

Someone started firing at us.

Flee (... from)

to escape by running away, especially because of danger or fear

She fled (from) the room in tears.

Fond (... of)

[before noun] having a great liking for someone or something

She was very fond of horses.

Forget (... about)

[I or T] to be unable to remember a fact, something that happened, or how to do somethingI completely forgot about Gemma's party.

Forgive (... smb for)

to stop blaming or being angry with someone for something they have done, or not punish them for something

I don't think she's ever quite forgiven me for getting her name wrong that time.

Fortunate (... in)

Lucky

He was fortunate in his choice of assistant.

free (... from/of/for)

not in a fixed position or not joined to anything

Both bookcases stand free of the wall.

Rescuers took several hours to cut the survivors free from the wreckage.

We will install your washing machine free of charge/for free

Friendly (... with/to)

behaving in a pleasant, kind way towards someone

Our neighbours have always been very friendly to/towards us.

Are you friendly with (= a friend of) Graham?

Frightened (... of)

feeling fear or worry

Are you frightened of spiders?

Full (... of)

(of a container or a space) holding or containing as much as possible or a lot; filled

The shelves were full of books.

Furious (... with smb about/at sth)

extremely angry

He's furious about/at the way he's been treated.

Married to: having a wife or husband

Rachel seems to be married to her new job at the moment, so we hardly ever see her.

Marvel at: to show or experience great surprise or admiration

We paused to marvel at the view.

Mean to: not willing to give or share things, especially money

He's too mean to buy her a ring

Mention to: to speak about something quickly, giving little detail or using few words

I'll mention your ideas to Jacinta.



Mistake sb for: to confuse someone or something with someone or something else

People sometimes mistake him for a girl.



Mix with: If two or more substances mix, they combine to make one substance, and if you mix two or more substances, you combine them to make one substance.

Mix the powder with water to form a paste.



Name after: to give someone the same name as someone else

We named him after my wife's brother.



Necessary for:



Need for: something that is necessary to have or do

There's an urgent need for more medical supplies.



Neglect of: when you do not give enough care or attention to something or someone

to suffer years of neglect



Nervous about: worried and anxious

She's very nervous about her driving test.



New to: be new to sb If a situation or activity is new to you, you have not had experience of it before.

You'll have to be patient, this is all new to me.



Nice to: kind and friendly

She's always been very nice to me.



Nominate sb (for/as)sth: to officially suggest a person for a job or a position in an organization, or to suggest a person or their work for a prize

The film was nominated for an Academy Award.

He was nominated as best actor.



(Take)(no)notice of: attention

I didn't take any notice of



Notorious for doing sth: famous for something bad

She was notorious for her bad temper.

generosity



the quality of being generous

I really appreciate all of your help and generosity.

genius



PERSON [C] someone who is extremely intelligent or extremely good at doing something

Einstein was a genius.

glanced at



glance at/around/towards, etc to look somewhere for a short time

He glanced at his watch.

glared at



to look at someone in an angry way

She glared at him and stormed out of the room.

good at



SUCCESSFUL successful, or able to do something well

Anne's a good cook.

She's very good at geography.

grateful to



feeling or showing thanks

I'm really grateful to you for all your help.

grudge against



a feeling of dislike or anger towards someone because of something they have done in the past

He is not the type of person to bear a grudge against anyone .

guess at

guilty of



LAW having broken a law

The jury found her guilty (= decided that she was guilty of a crime).

They found him guilty of rape.

lack in



be lacking in sth to not have a quality

He's totally lacking in charm of any sort.

lack of



lack of sth not having something, or not having enough of something

a lack of food/money

a lack of facilities for young people

laugh at



to smile while making sounds with your voice that show you are happy or think something is funny

You never laugh at my jokes.

led to



CONTROL [T] to be in control of a group, country, or situation

to lead a discussion

Is this man really capable of leading the country?

Shearer led his team to victory.

Lean on



to use someone or something to help you, especially in a difficult situation

Her mother had always leaned on her for support.

learn about



to hear facts or information that you did not know

We only learned about the accident later.

Leave for



to give someone the responsibility for dealing with something

I've left the paperwork for you.

Lend to



FORMAL to add a quality to something or someone

We will continue to lend support to our allies.

listen to



HEAR to give attention to someone or something in order to hear them

What kind of music do you listen to?

live on



to continue to live

She lived on well into her nineties.

Long for

Look at



SEE [I] to turn your eyes in the direction of something or someone so that you can see them

Look at the picture on page two.

looking for



SEARCH [I] to try to find someone or something

I'm looking for my keys.

unhappy and angry because someone has something or someone you want, or because you think they might take something or someone that you love away from you

He had always been very jealous of his brother's good looks.

to become involved in an activity with other people

At the end of this verse, we'd like everyone to join in with the chorus

C] something which someone says to make people laugh, usually a short story with a funny ending

a good joke about dogs

MAKE NOISE [I] to make a noise by hitting something, especially a door, with your closed hand in order to attract someone's attention

There's someone knocking at/on the door.

HAVE INFORMATION [I,T] to have knowledge or information about something in your mind

Andrew knows a lot about computers.

INTERESTED very interested or enthusiastic

He's very keen on travelling.

WANTING TO DO wanting to do something very much

[+ to do sth] The shop is keen to attract new customers.

Kind people do things to help others and show that they care about them.

Your mother was very kind to us.

METHOD a way of explaining or achieving something

Hard work is the key to success.

information and understanding that you have in your mind

He has a detailed knowledge of naval history.

GO to go somewhere with someone, often paying for them or being responsible for them

I took the kids to the park.

a natural ability to do something

She showed an early talent for drawing.

SAY [I] to say things to someone

It was nice talking to you

WHAT YOU LIKE [C,U] the particular things you like, such as styles of music, clothes, decoration, etc

I don't like his taste in music

taste funny/nice/sweet, etc If food tastes a particular way, it has that flavour.

It tastes of chocolate.

very bad, of low quality, or unpleasant

a terrible accident

The weather was terrible.

very frightened

I'm terrified of flying.

to tell someone that you are grateful for something they have done or given you

I haven't thanked her for her present yet.

pleased or grateful about something

[+ (that)] We were thankful that none of the children saw the accident.

OPINION [I,T] to have an opinion about something or someone

What did you think of the film?

What do you think about modern art?

DAMAGE [C] someone or something that is likely to cause harm or damage

[usually singular] a threat to the environment

Smoking poses (= is) a serious threat to your health.

threat sb with sth

THROUGH THE AIR to make something move through the air by pushing it out of your hand

He threw the book at the wall.

Amy threw the ball to the dog.

to become bored with something

He never tires of playing games on his computer.

tired of doing sth bored or annoyed by something that has happened too often

I'm tired of listening to her problems.

LANGUAGE to change written or spoken words from one language to another

The book has now been translated from Spanish into more than ten languages.

to put your foot on something or to press something down with your foot

I trod on a piece of broken glass.

FALL [I] to fall or almost fall because you hit your foot on something when you are walking or running

Careful you don't trip over the cat!

PROBLEMS [C,U] problems, difficulties, or worries

She's been having a lot of trouble with her boss recently.

having all the qualities you expect a particular person, object, place, etc to have

typical German food

This style of painting is typical of Monet.



idea of THOUGHT [no plural] an understanding, thought, or picture in your mind

[+ of + doing sth] Clive soon got used to the idea of having children around the house again.



identical to exactly the same

She found a dress identical to the one in the picture.



ignorant

adjective1 NOT HAVING KNOWLEDGE not having enough knowledge, understanding, or information about something

He was a newcomer to Formula One and ignorant of many of the circuits.

Ill with



impact1

EFFECT [no plural] the effect that a person, event, or situation has on someone or something

Latino singers have had a major impact on pop music this year.



impress

to make someone admire or respect you

I was impressed by her professionalism.

Sarah was hoping to impress him with her cooking.



improvement in when something gets better or when you make it better

home improvements

There's been a noticeable improvement in her work this term.





incapable of incapable of sth/doing sth not able to do something or to feel a particular emotion

He's incapable of controlling his temper.



included in ALLOW to allow someone to take part in an activity

[often passive] Local residents were included in the initial planning discussions.



increase in when the number, size, or amount of something gets bigger

a price/tax increase

We are seeing an increase in standards of living.



independent of RULE not controlled or ruled by anyone else

an independent state/company

The group is independent of any political party.



indifferent to NOT CARING not caring about or interested in someone or something

They are indifferent to the plight of the unemployed.



indulged in YOURSELF [I,T] to let yourself do or have something that you enjoy but which may be bad for you

They indulged in a bit of gossip.



inferior to not good, or not so good as someone or something else

I've never felt inferior to anyone.



information about facts about a situation, person, event, etc

a vital piece of information

Police are urging anyone with information about the crime to contact them.



Emphasis on

noun [C,U] plural emphases

1 IMPORTANCE particular importance or attention that you give to something

Schools are starting to place/put greater emphasis on passing exams.



2 WORD the extra force that you give to a word or part of a word when you are saying it

The emphasis is on the final syllable.



engage in sth phrasal verb

to take part in something



engage sb in sth phrasal verb

If you engage someone in conversation, you start a conversation with them.

Engagement to sb



Enthusiastic about

adjective

showing enthusiasm

enthusiastic support

The teacher was very enthusiastic about my project.



Envious of

adjective

wishing that you had what someone else has

She was envious of his successful career.



Equal to

adjective

the same in amount, number, or size

The sides are of equal length.

One metre is equal to 39.37 inches.



Escape from/to

verb

GET AWAY [I] to succeed in getting away from a place where you do not want to be

The two killers escaped from prison last night.



Example of

noun

1 TYPICAL [C] something that is typical of the group of things that you are talking about

This is a good example of medieval Chinese architecture.





Excellent at



adjective

very good, or of a very high quality

That was an excellent meal.

Exception to



noun

1 [C,U] someone or something that is not included in a rule, group, or list

There are exceptions to every rule.

I like all kinds of movies, with the exception of horror films.

All our pupils, without exception, have access to the Internet.

Her films are always popular and this one is no exception.



Exchange sth for sth else

verb

SHOP [T] to take something back to the shop where you bought it and change it for something else

Could I exchange this shirt for a larger size?



Excited about

adjective

feeling very happy and enthusiastic

happy, excited faces

The children are getting really excited about the party.

Exclaim at



verb [I,T]

to say something suddenly and loudly because you are surprised, annoyed, excited, etc

"How terrible!" she exclaimed.



Excuse sb for

verb [T]

1 FORGIVE to forgive someone for something that is not very serious

Please excuse my appearance, I've been painting.

[+ for + doing sth] She asked him to excuse her for being so rude.



Excuse for

noun [C]

1 REASON a reason that you give to explain why you did something wrong

[+ for + doing sth] I hope he's got a good excuse for being so late.



2 FALSE REASON a false reason that you give to explain why you do something

Nick was just looking for an excuse to call her.

Exempt from



adjective [never before noun]

with special permission not to have to do something or pay something

The first £4,000 that you earn is exempt from tax.





Expel from

verb [T] expelling, past expelled

1 MAKE SOMEONE LEAVE to make someone leave a school, organization, or country because of their behaviour

[often passive] He was expelled from school for hitting another student.



Experienced in/at



adjective

having skill and knowledge because you have done something many times

Karsten's a very experienced ski instructor.



Experiment on/with

verb [I]

1 TRY SOMETHING to try something in order to discover what it is like

Did he ever experiment with drugs?



2 DO TESTS to do an experiment

Experimenting on mice can give us an idea of the effect of the disease in humans.





Expert at/in

noun [C]

someone who has a lot of skill in something or a lot of knowledge about something

He's an expert on Japanese literature.

Show me how to use this computer - You're the expert.



Expert at/in/on

adjective [always before noun]

having a lot of skill in something or knowing a lot about something

I need some expert advice on investments.

What's your expert opinion?

Expert with sth

Expert on

Cash

Money in the form of notes and coins, rather than cheques or credit cards

Will you pay by credit card or in cash? (in cash)

Ink

Coloured liquid used for writing, printing and drawing

Please write in ink, not in pencil. (in ink)



Opinion

A thought or belief about something or someone

In my opinion (= I think) he's the best football player we have in this country. (in my opinion)

Way

In/out of the/sb's way in/not in the area in front of someone that they need to pass or see through

Sorry, am I in your way? (in the way)

General

(also as a general rule) usually, or in most situations

In general, men are taller than women. (in general)

Advance



In advance before a particular time

You need to book your ticket at least 14 days in advance. (in advance)

Order

ARRANGEMENT [C,U] the arrangement of a group of people or things in a list from first to last

We ranked the tasks in order of importance.(in order)

Silence



NO SOUND [U] when there is no sound

The three men ate in silence. (in silence)

Pain



HURT [C,U] an unpleasant physical feeling caused by an illness or injury

Are you in pain?

Hurry



be in a hurry If you are in a hurry, you want or need to do something quickly.

If you're in a hurry, it's better to take a taxi.

Danger



POSSIBILITY [C,U] the possibility that someone or something will be harmed or killed, or that something bad will happen

The soldiers were in serious danger.

Short



in short in a few words

In short, we need more staff.

Debt



OWE MONEY [U] when you owe money to someone

He's heavily in debt.

Common



have sth in common to share interests, experiences, or other characteristics with someone or something

Sue and I don't have much in common.



Charge a formal police statement saying that someone is accused of a crime

to bring/press charges

She was arrested on charges of theft and forgery.

Favour



in favour of sb/sth If you refuse or get rid of someone or something in favour of someone or something else, you choose them instead.

They dropped him from the team in favour of a much younger player.

Self-defense



when you protect yourself from someone who is attacking you by fighting

He claimed he had acted in self-defence.

Vain



in vain without any success

I tried in vain to start a conversation.

In one respect



in this respect/many respects in a particular way, or in many ways

The school has changed in many respects.

Captivity



when a person or animal is kept somewhere and is not allowed to leave

lion cubs born in captivity

Progress



in progress FORMAL happening or being done now

Quiet please - Exams in progress.

Public



in public where everyone can see you

He shouldn't behave like that in public.

Disappointed About



unhappy because someone or something was not as good as you hoped or expected, or because something did not happen

[+ (that)] I was very disappointed that he didn't come.

Based On



If you base something on facts or ideas, you use those facts or ideas to develop it.

Her latest TV serial is based on a true story.

Keen On



INTERESTED very interested or enthusiastic

a keen golfer/photographer

He's very keen on travelling.

Dependent



someone, usually a child, who depends on you for financial support

The pension provides for him and all his dependents.

Prejudiced



PERSON to influence someone in an unfair way so that they have a bad opinion of someone or something

Her comments may have prejudiced the voters against him.





Indebted to Somebody for Something



be indebted to sb to be very grateful to someone

I'm indebted to my parents for all their support.

Accuse Somebody of Something



to say that someone has done something bad

He was falsely accused of murder.

Dispose of



to get rid of something, especially by throwing it away

How did they dispose of the body?

Approve for



to allow or officially agree to something

The council has approved plans for a new shopping centre.

Die of



to stop living

Many of the refugees died of hunger.

Complain of



to tell other people that something is making you feel ill

She's been complaining of a headache all day.

Dream of



IMAGINE [I,T] to imagine something that you would like to happen

[+ of + doing sth] I dream of living on a desert island.

Consist of



to be formed or made from two or more things

a dessert consisting of fruit and cream

Remind Somebody of Something



to make someone think of something or someone else

Harry reminds me of my father.

Think of



OPINION [I,T] to have an opinion about something or someone

What did you think of the film?

Hear of



will not hear of sth If someone will not hear of something, they will not allow it.

I wanted to pay for her meal but she wouldn't hear of it.

Relieve Somebody of Something



FORMAL to take something away from someone

Let me relieve you of your luggage.

Enter Into

to start to become involved in something, especially a discussion or agreement







Crash Into



VEHICLE [I,T] If a vehicle crashes, it hits something by accident, and if you crash a vehicle, you make it hit something by accident.

The van skidded and crashed into a tree.

Force Somebody Into Something



PERSON to make someone do something that they do not want to do

[+ to do sth] The hijacker forced the pilot to fly to New York.

Divide Into

SEPARATE [I,T] to separate into parts or groups, or to make something separate into parts or groups



Each school year is divided into two semesters.

Inject Into



MONEY to provide a large amount of money for a plan, service, organization, etc

The government plans to inject £100 million into schools.

Translate Into

LANGUAGE to change written or spoken words from one language to another



The book has now been translated from Spanish into more than ten languages.

Transform Into



to change something completely, usually to improve it

Within weeks they had transformed the area into a beautiful garden.

Enroll In



to become or make someone become an official member of a course, college, or group

I've (UK) enrolled on/(US) enrolled in a creative writing course.

Believe In



to be certain that something exists

I believe in life after death.

Be Lacking In



be lacking in sth to not have a quality

He's totally lacking in charm of any sort.

Die In



to stop living

At least 3,000 people have died in the earthquake.

Interfere In



to try to control or become involved in a situation, in a way that is annoying

. You shouldn't interfere in other people's business.

Invest In



to buy something because you think it will be useful

Dad's decided to invest in a computer.





Participate In



to be involved with other people in an activity

She rarely participates in any of the discussions.

Persist In



CONTINUE TO DO to continue to do something although it is annoying other people

He persists in calling me Jane, even though I've corrected him twice.

Result In



to be the reason something happens

The improvements in training resulted in increased wins.

Take Part In



take part (in sth) to be involved in an activity with other people

She doesn't usually take part in any of the class activities.

Succeed In



ACHIEVE [I] to achieve what you are trying to achieve

She has the skill and determination to succeed.

Specialise In



to spend most of your time studying one particular subject or doing one type of business

She works for a company specializing in business law.

Cause of :MAKES HAPPEN [C] someone or something that makes something happen

The police are still trying to establish the cause of the fire.

Invention of: something that you want and plan to do

I have no intention of seeing him again.



Shortage of :when there is not enough of something

a shortage of nurses



Advantage of:USEFUL THING something good about a situation that helps you

One of the advantages of living in town is having the shops so near.



Disadvantage of:something which makes a situation more difficult, or makes you less likely to succeed

One disadvantage of living in the country is the lack of public transport



Relevant to: related or useful to what is happening or being talked about

relevant information

Education should be relevant to children's needs.



Grateful to somebody for something: feeling or showing thanks

I'm really grateful to you for all your help.



Immune to : PROTECTED [never before noun] If you are immune to a disease, you will not get it.

Once you've had the virus, you are immune to it.



Loyal to:always liking and supporting someone or something, sometimes when other people do not

She's very loyal to her friends.





Married/engage to somebody: A married man or woman has a wife or husband.

a married couple

She's been married to David for nearly ten years



Beneficial to: helpful or useful

Exercise is beneficial to almost everyone



Opposed to: be opposed to sth to disagree with a plan or activity

We're not opposed to tax increases.



Dedicated to

:

GIVING TIME/ENERGY believing that something is very important and giving a lot of time and energy to it a dedicated teacher



Accustomed to: accustomed to sth/doing sth If you are accustomed to something, you have experienced it often enough for it to seem normal to you.

I've worked nights for years now so I've grown accustomed to it.

Detrimental to: a detrimental effect



Blame somebody for something: to say or think that someone or something is responsible for something bad which has happened

Many people blame him for Tony's death.



Ask somebody for something: WANT SOMETHING [I,T] to say something to someone because you want them to give you something

He's asked for a bike for his birthday



Head for somewhere: to be likely to get or experience something soon

Those children are heading for trouble



Die for: be dying for sth; be dying to do sth INFORMAL to very much want to have, eat, drink, or do something

I'm dying for a drink.



Beg for something: STRONG REQUEST [I,T] to make a very strong and urgent request

She begged him for help.

Search for : TRY TO FIND [I,T] to try to find someone or something Police are still searching the woods for the missing girl.



Long for:long for sth; long to do sth to want something very much

She longed to see him again.



At large: sb/sth at large people or things in general

This group is not representative of the population at large



At risk: at risk being in a situation where something bad is likely to happen

Releasing these prisoners into the community puts the public at risk.



At home in (somewhere): LIVE [C,U] the place where you live or feel you belong

I tried to ring him, but he wasn't at home.



At the mercy of: to not be able to protect yourself from something or someone that you cannot control

Farmers are often at the mercy of the weather



At leisure: at your leisure If you do something at your leisure, you do it when you have the time.

Take it home and read it at your leisure



At a profit/ loss: be at a loss to not know what to do or say

[+ to do sth] I'm at a loss to explain his disappearance.



At a disadvantage: at a disadvantage having problems that other people do not have

Being shy puts him at a disadvantage.



At short notice:





Increase in when the number, size, or amount of something gets bigger

a price/tax increase

We are seeing an increase in standards of living.

decrease in to become less, or to make something become less

There has been a decrease in the number of violent crimes.



difficulty in when something is not easy to do or understand

[+ in + doing sth] He was having difficulty in breathing because of the smoke.

experience of KNOWLEDGE that you get from doing a job, or from doing, seeing, or feeling something

Do you have any experience of working with children?



confidence in TRUST trusting someone's ability or believing that something will produce good results

Kate's new to the job, but I've got every confidence in

her.


interference in SITUATION when someone tries to interfere in a situation

There have been claims of too much political interference in education.



participates in to be involved with other people in an activity

She rarely participates in any of the discussions.



talent for a natural ability to do something

She showed an early talent for drawing.



expert on someone who has a lot of skill in something or a lot of knowledge about something

He's an expert on Japanese literature.



belief in EFFECTIVE [no plural] the feeling that someone or something is effective or right

a belief in social justice



angry at/with having a strong feeling against someone who has behaved badly, making you want to shout at them or hurt them

He's really angry at/with me for upsetting Sophie



bored with feeling tired and unhappy because something is not interesting or because you have nothing to do

I'm bored with doing homework.



disappointed in unhappy because someone or something was not as good as you hoped or expected, or because something did not happen

[+ (that)] I was very disappointed that he didn't come.

I'm really disappointed in you.

pleased with happy or satisfied

I'm really pleased with the quality of his work.



wrong with PROBLEM [never before noun] If something is wrong, there is a problem.

There's something wrong with my computer. What's wrong with you?

acquainted with If you are acquainted with someone, you have met them but do not know them well.

I'm afraid I'm not yet acquainted with the system.



covered in/with LAYER to form a layer on the surface of something

Snow covered the trees.

My legs were covered in/with mud.



content with happy or satisfied

Not content with second place, Jeff played only to win.

[+ to do sth] I was content to stay home and read.



Crowded with very full of people

a crowded room/train

Impressed with to make someone admire or respect you

Sarah was hoping to impress him with her cooking.



popular with LIKED liked by many people

The North African coast is becoming increasingly popular with British tourists.



married to A married man or woman has a wife or husband.

a married couple

She's been married to David for nearly ten years.



Associate

associate director/editor/producer, etc someone in a slightly less important position than the main person



Lack of-(lack of sth not having something, or not having enough of something

a lack of food/money)

a lack of facilities for young people

proof of-(fact or a piece of information that shows something exists or is true)

She showed us her passport as proof of her identity.

example of-(something that is typical of the group of things that you are talking about)

This is a good example of medieval Chinese architecture.

kind- (Kind people do things to help others and show that they care about them)

Your mother was very kind to us.

rude-(OFFENSIVE behaving in a way which is not polite and upsets other people)

He complained that a member of staff had been rude to him.

polite-(behaving in a way that is not rude and shows that you do not only think about yourself)

I'm afraid I wasn't very polite to her.

peculiar-(strange, often in an unpleasant way)

The wine had a peculiar, musty smell

susceptible-(easily influenced or harmed by something)

Older people are more susceptible to the virus

equal-(the same in amount, number, or size)

The sides are of equal length

subject-(often affected by something, especially something unpleasant)

Departure times are subject to alteration

sensitive-(EASILY UPSET easily upset by the things people say or do)

He was always sensitive to criticism

identical-(exactly the same)

She found a dress identical to the one in the picture

inferior-(not good, or not so good as someone or something else)

I've never felt inferior to anyone.

superior-(BETTER better than other things)

This car is far superior to the others

indifferent-(NOT CARING not caring about or interested in someone or something)

They are indifferent to the plight of the unemployed

restricted-( controlled or limited)

They do good food but the choice is fairly restricted.

account-( BE PART OF to be part of a total number of something)

Oil accounts for 40% of Norway's exports

provide-( to give someone the things they need such as money, food, or clothes)

He has a wife and two young children to provide for

compensate-( MONEY [T] to pay someone money because you are responsible for injuring them or damaging something)

Victims of the crash will be compensated for their injuries.

wait-( STAY to stay in a place until someone or something arrives or someone or something is ready for you)

I'm waiting for Clive.

differentiate-( SEE DIFFERENCE [I,T] to understand or notice how two things or people are different from each other)

He can't differentiate between blue and green.

distinguish-( RECOGNIZE DIFFERENCES [I,T] to recognize the differences between two people, ideas, or things)

Children must learn to distinguish between right and wrong

at first-( at first at the beginning of a situation or period of time)

At first I thought she was unfriendly, but actually she is just shy

at least-( as much as, or more than, a number or amount)

You'll have to wait at least an hour.

at most-( at (the) most not more than a particular amount or number)

The journey will take an hour at the most

at times-( one, two, six, etc at a time one, two, six, etc on one occasion)

He carried the chairs, three at a time

at any rate-( at any rate used before saying one fact that is certain in a situation that you are generally not certain about)

Well, at any rate we need her to be there.

at last-()

at the latest-( at the latest If you tell someone to do something by a particular time at the latest, you mean they must do it before that time)

She said to be there by 8 o'clock at the latest.

Congratulations on



something that you say when you want to congratulate someone

Congratulations on doing an outstanding job.



Effect on come/go into effect to start being used

New food safety rules come into effect on Monday.

Influence on



POWER [C,U] the power to affect how someone thinks or behaves, or how something develops

The drug companies have a lot of influence on doctors.

Impact on



EFFECT [no plural] the effect that a person, event, or situation has on someone or something

Latino singers have had a major impact on pop music this year.

Dependence on



when you need someone or something all the time in order to exist or continue as before

Our society needs to reduce its dependence on the car.

Reliance on



reliance on sb/sth when someone or something depends on someone or something else

Our increasing reliance on computers

Expert on



someone who has a lot of skill in something or a lot of knowledge about something

He's an expert on Japanese literature.

Out-of-date



old and not useful or correct any more

I do have a road map but I think it's out-of-date.

Out of order



MACHINE If a machine or system is out of order, it is not working as it should.

The coffee machine's out of order.

Out of balance

Up-to-date



INFORMATION having the most recent information

The Internet keeps us up-to-date.

At risk



at risk being in a situation where something bad is likely to happen

Releasing these prisoners into the community puts the public at risk.

At stake



be at stake If something is at stake, it is in a situation where it might be lost or damaged.

We have to act quickly - people's lives are at stake.

Disappointed with



unhappy because someone or something was not as good as you hoped or expected, or because something did not happen

[+ (that)] I was very disappointed that he didn't come.

I'm really disappointed in you.

Pleased with



happy or satisfied

I'm really pleased with the quality of his work.

Covered in/with



LAYER to form a layer on the surface of something

My legs were covered in/with mud.

Different from



NOT THE SAME not the same as someone or something else

Jo's very different from her sister, isn't she?

Absent from



not in the place where you are expected to be, especially at school or work

He has been absent from school all week.

Free from



GET OUT to get someone out of a situation or place that they cannot escape from

Firefighters worked for two hours to free the driver from the wreckage.

Apply to



ASK [I] to ask officially for something, often by writing

I've applied for a job/grant/visa.

He has applied to several companies.

Agree to



SAY YES [I] to say you will do something that someone asks you to do

[+ to do sth] She agreed to help him.

Apologized to



to tell someone that you are sorry about something you have done

The pilot apologized to passengers for the delay.

Asked to



REQUEST [I,T] to say something to someone because you want them to do something

[+ to do sth] They've asked me to look after their dog while they're away.

Belong to



to be a member of a group or organization

We belong to the same youth club.

Appealed to



REQUEST to strongly request something, often publicly

They appealed to the commission to keep the hospital open.

Complained to



to say that something is wrong or that you are annoyed about something

Lots of people have complained about the noise.

Explain to



to make something clear or easy to understand by giving reasons for it or details about it

Can you explain to me how this mobile phone works?

attribute to



to say that someone wrote, said, or made something

This drawing has been attributed to Picasso.

Attach to



INCLUDE to include something as part of something else

There were too many conditions attached to the deal.

Listen to



HEAR to give attention to someone or something in order to hear them

What kind of music do you listen to?

Lead to



CONTROL [T] to be in control of a group, country, or situation

Shearer led his team to victory.

Happen to



RESULT to be the result of an action, situation, or event that someone or something experiences

Did you hear what happened to Jamie last night?

Refer to



SAY to talk or write about someone or something, especially briefly

She didn't once refer to her son.

1) Permission for



2) FOR A PROBLEM something that solves a problem

The remedy for the traffic problem is to encourage people to use public transport.



3) room for sth a possibility for something to happen

His work isn't bad but there's still some room for improvement



4) REQUEST [C] a strong request

They received a final demand for payment.



5) PROBLEMS when you show that you understand and care about someone's problems

I have no sympathy for people who say they can't find work but are really just too lazy to look.

Preposition+noun (for)



1) (up) for sale available to buy

For sale: ladies bicycle - good condition.

The house next to mine is up for sale.



2)for the sake of sth for this reason or purpose

For the sake of convenience, they combined the two departments.

For safety's sake, you shouldn't
Sayfa: